Thyroid diseases are the one of the most common diseases in Bahrain. As surgeons, patients present to us with goiter (ie swelling of the thyroid gland). There are four main indications for surgical intervention in goiter. First, for cosmetic reasons, second is for hyper functioning gland not controlled by drugs, third is malignant lump within the thyroid gland and fourth is due to pressure symptoms on the esophagus causing difficulty in swallowing and on the trachea causing shortness of breath.
Nowadays, the surgery of the thyroid gland became much easier and shorter in time in the hands of surgical expertise and the new surgical instruments.